Brown spots on the skin are a common sign of aging. They are usually caused by an accumulation of sun exposure over the years, although they may be due to trauma or injury (called post-inflammatory hyper pigmentation). Also known as age or liver spots, they are flat painless areas, light brown to black in color. Brown spots tend to appear on the parts of the body that are most likely to be uncovered and unprotected from the sun, such as the face, hands, arms, shoulders and feet. They vary in size, but are larger than freckles. Brown spots are very common in people over the age of 40.

While brown spots are not medically dangerous, many people who develop them find them cosmetically unappealing. Most diagnoses of brown spots can be based simply on your doctor’s examination of the skin in question. If the spot appears irregular, your doctor may recommend a biopsy be performed to ensure that no skin cancer is present. Avoiding spending time in the sun and regular use of sunscreen can prevent them from worsening as well as the occurrence of new brown spots.

If brown spots are raised and rough surfaced, they may beseborrheic keratoses. These are very common, and often run in families as well as increasing in frequency with age. Although these growths may be very unsightly, their removal is generally easy, using either a curette or liquid nitrogen to remove them with usually little or no scarring.

Treatment Options

Many people with brown spots are unhappy and embarrassed by them, especially when they are located in noticeable areas. There are numerous treatments available to improve them and help patients achieve clear, blemish-free skin once again.

  • Liquid Nitrogen
  • Skin Bleaching
  • Microdermabrasion
  • Laser Skin Resurfacing